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Monkeypox

Monkeypox is a rare but potentially serious disease that is caused by the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox does not spread easily from person to person. People must have close, sustained contact with an infected person to get the virus. Based on the current outbreak, certain populations are being affected by monkeypox more than others. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that the virus is impacting some members of LGBTQ community, with a disproportionate impact among men who have sex with men, as well as transgender and nonbinary individuals.
 
People usually become infected with monkeypox:
*By having direct contact with the skin lesions or body fluids of an infected person,
*Through sharing items, such as bedding or clothing of an infected person, or
*Through prolonged exposure to an infected person's respiratory secretions.
 
Monkeypox can also be spread to people from animals through bites, scratches, preparation of meat or use of a product from an infected animal.
 
Signs and Symptoms:
Monkeypox is typically characterized by a new, unexplained rash that develops into hard, round, fluid or pus-filled skin lesions. The rash usually develops within one to three days after fever. Some people may experience a rash or sores first, then may develop other symptoms such as:   
*Fever
*Swollen lymph nodes
*Muscle aches
*Chills
 
Treatment: Most people who have monkeypox do not need treatment and recover within two to four weeks. However, antiviral medications that have been used to treat smallpox can be used.  People who have been exposed to someone with monkeypox may be eligible to receive a vaccine to prevent the onset of disease or reduce the severity of symptoms.
Vaccination: Wisconsin Department of Health Services is currently following the federal government’s recommendation to prioritize the vaccine for individuals at the highest risk of infection. These include people over 18 years of age who:
*People who know that a sexual partner in the past 14 days was diagnosed with monkeypox.
*People who attended an event or venue where there was known monkeypox exposure.
*Gay men, bisexual men, trans men and women, any men who have sex with men, and gender non-conforming/non-binary individuals, who have had multiple sexual partners in the last 14 days.
 
Prevention: To protect yourself from monkeypox, take the following actions:
*Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
*Ask your sexual partner(s) if they have a rash or other monkeypox related symptoms.
*Avoid skin-to-skin contact, including sex and intimate contact, with someone who has a rash or other symptoms.
*Consider how much close, skin-to-skin contact is likely to occur at the event you plan to attend.
*Do not share objects like bedding, towels, clothing, or utensils with someone with monkeypox.
 
For additional information please visit:
https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/index.html
https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/monkeypox/index.htm

Fact Sheets:
https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/p03284.pdf
https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/p03291.pdf
https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/p03287.pdf