Move valuables and appliances out of the basement of your home or business if it is prone to flooding. By doing so, you increase the chance that your belongings will be safe and sound when a flood event occurs.
Elevate the main breaker or fuse box and the utility meters above the anticipated flood level in your home or business, so that flood water won't damage your utilities. Consider the use of sump pumps, check valves and backflow prevention devices. If you have a sump pump, check your homeowner's insurance policy to see if it covers sump pump failure or if a special rider is needed.
Secure yard items or stored objects that may otherwise be swept away, damaged or pose a hazard if floodwaters would pick them up and carry them away,
Buy flood insurance to cover the value of your home and its contents. Not only will insurance give you greater peace of mind, but it will also greatly speed your recovery if a flood occurs. You can learn more about this insurance one of the following ways:
- Telephone: 1-800-621-FEMA (3362)
- For individuals who are deaf, hard of hearing or have a speech disability using 711 or VRS, please call 1-866-337-4262. For individuals using a TTY, please call 1-800-462-7585.
- Contact your local insurance agent to see if they sell flood insurance
- Visit FEMA's website on the National Flood Insurance Program
Flood mitigation can involve installing, re-routing, or increasing the capacity of a storm drainage system that may involve detention and retention ponds, drainage easements, or creeks and streams.
Maintain drainage systems to include sediment and debris clearance.
Prevent/discourage discharges into storm-water/sewer systems from home footing drains, downspouts and drainage.
In addition to planning for traffic control during floods, there are various construction and placement factors to consider when building roads, such as placement, ponding, culvert size, etc.